Know your hot-pack options. While a hot pack can do wonders for pain any time of the year, when it’s cold outside they’re even more fantastic. There are a ton of different types of heat packs you can choose from to suit your needs: electric pads and blankets, microwavable pads, hot water bottles, and chemical hot packs. There are benefits and drawbacks to each method, but all are relatively cheap so it’s worth experimenting to find what you like best.
Maintain compression. One of the things that makes cold weather so painful for those with chronic pain is that it often comes along with a drop in the barometric pressure. (I blogged more about why barometric pressure is no good for pain here.) To help cope with drops in pressure, keep your tissues as compressed as is comfortable. There are many types of tights and socks and gloves made specifically for this purpose, as well as shape-wear that utilize compression, but leggings and ace bandages are things you might have around the house that work in a pinch. Being submerged in water is another way to maintain compression, so...
Take hot baths and soaks. The combination of moist, all-over, penetrating heat and the pressure of being submerged under water is blissful when cold weather dials the pain up. Taking a nice, warm tub bath is one of the best, most relaxing ways to enjoy a soak. For many of us, whether due to lack of access or lack of accessibility, baths are not an option, so we must rely on soaking individual body parts. You can sit along side a filled bathtub to soak your feet and enjoy the warm steam, or fill up a sink or basin and soak your hands. Just be sure to moisturize after, as hot water is very drying to the skin.
Limit your exposure. Of course we can’t always avoid the cold, but limiting our exposure to it can do a great deal in preventing extra pain. The obvious part is stay inside when you can; don’t go outside when you don’t have to. Turn the thermostat up a little to accommodate for the colder outside temperature so you aren’t shivering inside, and bundle up with socks and sweaters. If you do have to go outside, be sure to dress in layers, with a non-cotton layer closest to your body— again, this is where leggings shine— plus wind-proof outer layers and a fluffy bulky material like wool or fleece in between. Wear a hat, mittens, and a scarf. Take time to heat up your car.
Put warm in. One of the unpleasant things about the cold is that it causes shivering, which is basically the uncontrollable movement your body makes in an effort to warm itself up. When motion is one of the things that causes you pain, the rapid, uncontrollable jerking inherent in shivering is torture. To stop the shivering, you need to warm your core temperature—one of the fastest ways to do this is by eating or drinking something warm. Tea, cocoa, coffee and soup are quick and easy when you walk in chilled, and will help you warm back up.